If you have ever wondered what Viscose is, you’ve come to the right place. This fabric is a type of rayon. It absorbs moisture like sweat and shrinks when wet. You may even have heard that Viscose is mildew-prone. So, what is it, and how is it different from other fabrics?
Viscose Is A Type Of Rayon
What is Viscose made of? Viscose is made from cellulose. The process of making it is similar to producing cellophane. The cellulose is ripened and is treated with a mineral acid (such as sulfuric acid). The chemicals break down the cellulose into xanthate groups, which regenerate it as a fiber. The cellulose content in the final product should be eighty to ninety seven percent. The excess liquid is then removed with caustic soda.
Viscose fabric can feel like cotton and is easy to wash and dry. It is often used for light clothing and is quite inexpensive. However, it is difficult to maintain as it tends to wrinkle easily. It is also relatively easy to dye.
It Absorbs Moisture Like Sweat
The main function of viscose is to absorb moisture, just like sweat. Its absorbency makes it a comfortable fabric to wear, but it can also cause sweat stains. Because of this, some people are hesitant to wear clothes made from this material. However, the quality of the fabric will determine whether it makes you sweat more or not.
Although viscose absorbs moisture like sweat, it is not a good choice for people with excessive sweating problems. While this fabric is made to handle normal amounts of sweat, excessive sweating can cause unsightly sweat stain marks and a sticky feeling. But with a little bit of research, you can find a suitable piece of clothing made of viscose that will help you stay fresh and dry. Viscose also does not give off a foul odour. That foul odour comes from bacteria, which can grow in certain fabrics.
It Shrinks When It’s Wet
The most effective way to keep your viscose clothing from shrinking is to wash it in cold water. Hot water can weaken the fibre, causing further shrinking. Instead, use a delicate cycle in a washing machine or handwash viscose garments.
When washing viscose clothes, use a mild detergent and cold water. You should also avoid putting them in the dryer, because the heat and agitation can cause the fabric to shrink further. The best way to dry viscose garments is to hang them outside in the sun to dry.
It Develops Mildew
Viscose, a type of cellulose, is susceptible to microbial deterioration. It can be attacked by fungi and mildew and may cause permanent damage to fabric. Fungi that can cause this damage include cellulases and fungi that produce pigments. The right storage environment and proper maintenance are essential to prevent this problem.
If you notice mildew on a garment, the best way to remove it is to wash it as soon as possible. The mildew spots will cause the fabric to weaken and rot. You can either wash it by hand or dry clean it. If you use a detergent that contains bleach, you should follow the directions on the label carefully to ensure that it is safe and effective.
It Is A Lightweight Fabric
Viscose is an excellent material for summer clothing, as it has a smooth feel and great drape. It’s also relatively inexpensive, and can be blended with other materials to create a luxurious look. However, it is not an easy fabric to care for, and excessive moisture can cause it to stretch permanently. For this reason, it’s recommended to dry-clean viscose garments.
The name viscose refers to the generic term for fibers derived from a cellulose solution. It can be produced from different sources, including plants. However, viscose fabric requires a significant amount of chemicals to be processed. This makes it less eco-friendly than other types of rayon. In addition to clothing, viscose is widely used in carpeting and upholstered furniture.
It Is Soft Like Cotton
If you’re looking for an easy-care fabric, viscose might be the answer. Its breathable and soft qualities make it a popular choice for clothing. However, unlike cotton, viscose is a bit more difficult to dye. You need to follow the instructions carefully to avoid a difficult-to-clean outcome.
Viscose comes from plants like bamboo, eucalyptus, and pine. Wood pulp is the main source of viscose. This pulp is then turned into usable fabric.
It Is Affordable
Viscose is a great fibre for many reasons, but there are some major drawbacks to its production. First, it’s not 100% natural. In order to make it, wood pulp must be treated in a chemical process that destroys the natural fibres. This process is not the best choice for the environment. Thankfully, there are ways to make viscose that is sustainable and still affordable.
Viscose production is also contributing to the rapid depletion of forests around the world. Forests are being cleared to make way for pulpwood plantations, and this destruction of the natural world is not good for endangered species. It also involves land grabbing and human rights violations. In response to this issue, organisations like Canopy work to ensure that viscose is not sourced from high-risk areas. They’ve also teamed up with brands like Stella McCartney to create a life-cycle analysis of alternative fibres.
The production of viscose begins with the cellulose in wood pulp. The cellulose is then treated with caustic soda and allowed to age. Once the material is ready, it is spun through various mechanisms and washed in water baths. The cellulose is then extracted through slits. In some cases, a synthetic blend of polyester and spandex is added to produce viscose.